Pratical Guide to Ergonomic in Industrial Design Agrandir l'image

Pratical Guide to Ergonomic in Industrial Design

978-2-36630-068-0

Neuf

Jean-Francois Thibault

(Under the direction)

Confident in its considerable capacity for technical innovation in the elds of aeronautics,aerospace and defense, the Safran group is preparing its future and developing ever more effective products and services.

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33,18 €

Confident in its considerable capacity for technical innovation in the elds of aeronautics, aerospace and defense, the Safran group is preparing its future and developing ever more effective products and services. This is how itis meeting the expectations of its customers and other stakeholders by aiming for industrial excellence while constantly improving working conditions, in line with its commitment to sustainable development.

The Safran group has therefore drawn up and implemented an ambitious «Ergonomics program» which aims to :

- strengthen its occupational health and safety risk-prevention culture for the bene t of its staff, 

- optimize its investments by including ergonomics at the project planning stage for the bene t of its customers and its economic performance.

Whether installing a new item of equipment ora new production line, modernizing a workshop or building a new factory, every industrial investment project commits the future of a company and its employees: to get it right rst time, ergonomics must be included at the design phase.

This is why we have devised this practical guide which completes our campaign to improve ergonomics at all our sites.

We would like to see it used very widely, both within the group and beyond, to strengthen this culture of industrial excellence in the service of the men and women whose work is the bedrock of our success.
This practical and internationally oriented book is aimed at all the company's stakeholders (managers, designers, methods, prevention workers, occupational physicians, social partners, as well as, production, maintenance and logistics operators) who participate in the implementation of industrial investments in their company. It will also interest teachers and students in ergonomics as well as consultants and institutional ergonomists. 

Jean-François Thibault joined the Safran Group in 2012 in the Sustainable Development Department with the mission of building and deploying an Ergonomics program in all the Group's sites (approximately 70,000 employees spread over 140 sites on 5 continents). In conjunction with the Group's Industrial Division, he also participates in the Usine du Futur project and manages a project of cobotic systems development project within the Safran group.

Prior to joining Safran, Jean-François Thibault was successively Director of the Regional Agency for the Improvement of Working Conditions in Aquitaine, consultant to numerous multinationals and also Associate Professor of Ergonomics at the University of Bordeaux. As such, he has about fifty scientific publications to his credit. 

Introduction

What is Ergonomics for?

What is the scope of Ergonomics at Safran?

Why this guide?

 

Ergonomics initiative

 

Simulation tools

Prototyping and modeling

Full-scale prototype

Reduced-scale modeling

Digital simulations

Digital simulation of man-machine interface

Digital simulation of flow

CAD 3d simulation

Virtual reality simulation

Summary of types of simulation tools

 

Characteristics of workstations

Choice of type of workstation

Surfaces, volumes of work and position of controls

Sitting station (Europe and United States)                                            

Raised sitting station or standing station(Europe and United States)

Standing station (Europe and United States)

Positioning of controls (Europe and United States)

Sitting station (Asia and South America)

Sitting station or standing station (Asia and South America)

Positioning of controls (Asia and South America)

Special case of workstations at height

Types of protection

Platforms and walkways

Mobile elevating work platform (MEWP) 

Visual information

Basic principles of information processing

Field of vision and postures

Positioning of visual signals

Character size, perception distances and color

Position of texts and “labels”

Colors and shapes of action buttonsand luminous signals

Types of display

 

Man/Machine Interface (MMI)

Process of designing an MMI

General rules of ergonomics

Structure of an overview

General bar zone

Menu zone

Window zone

Alarms zone

Viewing zone

Controls and data entry

View chaining

Characteristics of physical controls

Horizontal and vertical spatial organization

Front panels of control consoles

 

Postures and joint angulations

 

Load carrying

Recommended weight limits

Contents and quality of grip

Positioning of deposit and storage planes

Recommendations for “little train” bases with wheels

Assistance with load carrying and Assistance with handling

Load moving devices

Lifting devices

Gripping devices

Devices to reduce postural constraint and effort

 

Effort

Subjective approach to effort

Normative approach to effort

Limits of effort

Repeated maintained effort

Effort for pushing a trolley

 

Hand tools

Adaptation to the task and the user

Laterality

Working height

Effort due to use of hand tools

Weight of the tool

Center of gravity of the tool

Reaction torque

Command and activation system

Position

Maximum effort by type of hand tool

Characteristics of handles and shafts

Length and shape

Diameter

Materials and texture

Distance between handles

Vibrations

Noise

Temperature

Overhaul

Examples of hand tool design

 

Storage and packing

Containers

Physical modifications

Handling equipment

Mobile equipment

Static equipment

Stock management

Arrival Area

Storage

Examples of storage and packing

 

Accessibility

Pedestrian and trolley passageways

Work zones

Industrial space

Accessibility for certain specific operations

Hands-arms accessibility

Office type space in workshop

Access for people with reduced mobility (PRM)

Outdoor traffic flow and access

Indoor traffic flow and access

Annex premises

Access for working at heights

Guard-rail

Ramp

Stairs

Ladders

 

Physical working environment

Noise

Admissible noise levels and thresholds

Principles of noise reduction

Business services or business with a high

Ambient temperature

Lighting

Lighting levels

Glare

Vibrations

 

References

Ergonomics initiative and simulation tools

Characteristics of workstations

Design of Man/Machine Interfaces (MMI)

Postures and joint angulations

Load carrying

Effort

Hand tools

Storage and packing

Accessibility

Physical environment 

Auteur Jean-Francois Thibault (Under the direction)
Hauteur 25 cm
Largeur 20 cm
Épaisseur 2 cm
Poids (g) 800
Année 2017
Nombre de pages 260

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